At its simplest, chronic pain is pain that lasts a long time. But for those suffering from it, it is much more complex. Chronic pain ranges from an inconvenience to rendering someone incapacitated. The medical profession’s markers on what is chronic pain vary from three to 12 months. One popular definition of chronic pain is “pain that extends beyond the expected period of healing.”
The common types of chronic pain are headaches, joint pain, and backaches. Some chronic pain starts with an initial injury or infection, but some people experience it without sustaining any injury.
Some symptoms of chronic pain are:
- Discomfort, soreness, tightness, or stiffness
- Pain that persists
- Shooting, burning, aching, or electrical pain
Chronic pain can cause emotional as well as physical issues. It can lead to anxiety, stress, anger, depression and lack of energy. For treatment to be effective, it needs to cover the psychological problems as well as the physical ones.
Some treatments include:
- Opioid treatment
- Electrical stimulation
- Nerve blocks
- Relaxation Therapies
- Behavior Modification
With chronic pain, the goal of treatment is to reduce pain and improve function, so the person can resume day-to-day activities. There are various treatments, and some work better with some patients than others. Whatever plan is chosen, it must be recognized that chronic pain might not be cured, but it can be managed.