ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It was formerly called Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). People often struggle in life without realizing they have ADHD. It is a chronic condition that often follows children into adulthood, with up to 60% of children and adolescents having ADHD symptoms as adults. It is estimated that about 4.4% of U.S. adults have ADHD.
Symptoms are usually manifested in people with ADHD every day of the year. It can create impairments in all areas of someone’s life. Children with ADHD often have trouble in school and may develop a fear of learning, especially when it involves extended focus, which is difficult for them. Adding to their troubles are being misunderstood and called lazy, careless, immature, or told they just aren’t trying. Adults still struggle, but may be able to develop some coping skills to deal with their issues.
The main symptoms of ADHD are inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. While the specifics of ADHD vary, doctors often look to these behaviors when diagnosing ADHD:
- Often loses things
- Is forgetful
- Makes careless mistakes at work or school, or during other activities
- Has difficulty paying attention to tasks or conversations
- Does not seem to listen when spoken to
- Has trouble following through on tasks or activities
ADHD is usually treated with medication. But medications do not cure ADHD. They merely treat the symptoms associated with this disorder. The symptoms come back when someone stops taking the medication.